Road transport noise evidence briefing
Noise caused by road, rail and air transport is the main cause of human exposure to ambient noise. Long-term exposure to noise affects people’s physical and mental health in a number of ways. The effects of health endpoints common to noise exposure include behavioural responses, ‘social’ responses such as annoyance, physiological responses such as changes in blood pressure, cognitive responses, and morbidity (e.g. cardiovascular disease).
Road traffic injuries evidence briefing
Road traffic injuries are a leading cause of death and disability and pose a public health and economic threat to Europe. There is a lot of variation in traffic deaths and injuries between countries and within countries in the WHO European Region. A growing evidence base suggests that many road traffic injuries can be avoided and their severity ameliorated through preventive action.
Climate change and health evidence briefing
Climate change leads directly and indirectly to death and ill health and poses a public health threat on a global scale. Due to different socio-economic conditions there is a lot of variation in the WHO European Region between and within countries both in terms of deaths and ill health from climate change. Transport accounts for more than one-fifth of greenhouse gas emissions, making it an important contributor to climate change.